Arthropod phylogeny!

CladeArthropoda

Arachnosquire
Joined
Jul 2, 2017
Messages
128
If this is the wrong subforum to post this in, please let me know. But without further a due...

This is a phylogeny of the entire phylum arthropoda, including extinct species. This has been a long time in the making, but here it is now.


As you can see, it's pretty big, because arthropods are crazy diverse.

- Groups in bold are extant, unbolded groups are extinct
- Groups that in end in question marks are of uncertain phylogeny
- Groups in quotation marks are names I coined for clades that don't have names yet (this will be further elaborated in the notes)

Harpacticoida is redefined. Polyartha is a seperate order, Canuelloida.

Nematophora now contains only Chordeumatida and Callipodida

Neoschistonata is a placeholder name for the clade that contains the remains of baetoidea and heptagenoidea (though in retrospect I think Schistonoidea would have made a better name for this group)

Corydiidae includes nocticolidae

Pansarcoptiformes includes sarcoptiformes and all former endostigmatids close to them

Endeostigmata reduced to be monophyletic

Pseudendostigmata is defined to to be a monophyletic cluster of former endostigmatids that is a sister group to all remaining acariformes

Callipanellidae includes Nymphonidae

Byrrhoidea is split between buprestoidea and elateroidea

Pancucujoidea includes the paraphyletic Cucujoidea as well as Chrysomeloidea and curculionoidea

Drepanoidea includes mimallonidae

Zygaenoidea is reduced

Atracheata refers to the unamed lost trachea clade

Liciatoroidea refers to the 'Oval Calamistrum' clade

https://lacewing.tamu.edu/neuropterida/neur_bibliography/edoc12/engel2018ref16333-17488.pdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5567239/
https://books.google.com/books?hl=e...lmWClrDf1Np_CDC9znsFxV3Hc#v=onepage&q&f=false
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https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-19996-6#Sec2
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3827447/#B2
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14772019.2013.823468
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2018.1524
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1439-0469.2001.00164.x
https://scihubtw.tw/https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1467803909000887
https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/114660v1.full
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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/cla.12387
https://peerj.com/articles/641/
https://www.cambridge.org/core/jour...-somerset-uk/57F4678DD9FF49628D3C8BE8745CA467
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https://www.mdpi.com/1424-2818/11/9/169
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-04243-1#Sec6
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0130127#sec001
https://www.researchgate.net/public...ct_order_in_the_roach-mantodean_twilight_zone
https://www.researchgate.net/public...AE_AND_BLATTOGRYLLIDAE_INSECTA_GRYLLOBLATTIDA
https://www.researchgate.net/public...38_and_the_system_of_the_plecopteroid_insects
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1055790318307164#:~:text=Phylogenetic analysis based on mitochondrial,previous molecular analyses of Plecoptera.
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/c7d7/85eac0c1c0a9cfabd4577a1d93bd16c92590.pdf
https://www.researchgate.net/figure...da-modified-from-and-including_fig6_232019057
https://entomologytoday.org/2015/04...lves-the-evolutionary-tree-of-the-orthoptera/
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2009.00264.x
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/syen.12035
https://www.researchgate.net/figure...-2015-showing-the-phylogenetic_fig3_302421000
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-017-02754-z
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2019.0079
https://www.researchgate.net/figure...ura-after-Tsang-et-al-2014-For_fig1_287974063
https://www.researchgate.net/figure...da-with-Metaingolfiellidae-as_fig15_261372970
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4556007/
https://www.researchgate.net/public...f_the_Pseudoscorpionida_Chelicerata_Arachnida
https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Phylogeny,-classification-and-evolution-of-Silurian-Jeram-Gardens/680938d246aa3631adc0989492b108ecb0dd367d
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2016.2340
https://www.researchgate.net/figure...tudy-This-tree-was-constructed_fig8_321728544
https://www.researchgate.net/figure...the-Parasitiformes-a-Baker-and_fig1_248866043
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790317303159
https://academic.oup.com/zoolinnean/article/167/1/1/2420794#113770868
https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.01.31.929612v1.full.pdf
https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-011720-124437
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-11610-5
https://www.cambridge.org/core/jour...umbia-canada/9CA5AE5D58832452EDA388ED438774CB
https://academic.oup.com/jcb/article/22/2/217/2679693
https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Mecoptera-is-paraphyletic:-multiple-genes-and-of-Whiting/d3537d8be461ca0419bc02920d0f4d69b50c0214
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S019566711400072X?via=ihub
https://www.researchgate.net/public...tish_Columbia_Canada_and_Washington_State_USA
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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1475-4983.2010.01010.x
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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982217300593
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https://www.researchgate.net/public..._and_macroevolutionary_history_of_the_beetles
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https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/The-Permostridulidae-fam.-n.-(Panorthoptera),-a-new-Béthoux-Nel/9d913dcce6689b1d6a1b92929d771e702bfdb559
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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/syen.12357
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https://academic.oup.com/sysbio/article-abstract/69/4/671/5570998
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cla.12182

So yeah. Any thoughts or comments?
 

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Albireo Wulfbooper

Arachnobaron
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Your image uploaded tiny. Is this basically just gluing together a bunch of different phylogenies, or have you used raw genomic data from the studies listed?
 

CladeArthropoda

Arachnosquire
Joined
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Messages
128
Your image uploaded tiny. Is this basically just gluing together a bunch of different phylogenies, or have you used raw genomic data from the studies listed?
I edited the post and posted an imgur ilnk which should be readable. Yeah, I did just glue together a bunch of pre existing phylogenies.
 

Albireo Wulfbooper

Arachnobaron
Active Member
Joined
Aug 1, 2019
Messages
423
I edited the post and posted an imgur ilnk which should be readable. Yeah, I did just glue together a bunch of pre existing phylogenies.
Ah, I just noticed you said right in the OP that this includes extinct groups, which would have answered my question if I'd read it properly :rolleyes:
Any sense of the relative confidence in the relationships between and within various clades and the overall arrangement? Obviously some clades will have stronger support than others by necessity. It would be nice to have an idea of which clades were determined by genomic data and which by phenotypic data, and how well supported these are.
 

Smotzer

Arachnoprince
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Jan 17, 2020
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How come for Zygentoma and Diplura you stopped at order and didn't go to the know families? I still think of it as Entognatha sometimes including diplura collembola and protura, before elevation of Ellipura from subclass to class and the monophyly seperation of Diplura. It all get confusing with some data suggesting monophyly of Collembola and molecular relationships between Protura and Diplura being grouped together as a clade.

Anyways amazing work!!
 

CladeArthropoda

Arachnosquire
Joined
Jul 2, 2017
Messages
128
How come for Zygentoma and Diplura you stopped at order and didn't go to the know families? I still think of it as Entognatha sometimes including diplura collembola and protura, before elevation of Ellipura from subclass to class and the monophyly seperation of Diplura. It all get confusing with some data suggesting monophyly of Collembola and molecular relationships between Protura and Diplura being grouped together as a clade.

Anyways amazing work!!
To a degree it's somewhat arbitrary. The primary purpose of the tree was to be a meaningful showcase of diversity, and I didn't really think it was necessary to go into detail for diplura. As with Zygentoma, idk, I just don't remember finding good family level phylogenies. There are probably some out there. But if I keep fretting over details like these, it'll never end!

Ah, I just noticed you said right in the OP that this includes extinct groups, which would have answered my question if I'd read it properly :rolleyes:
Any sense of the relative confidence in the relationships between and within various clades and the overall arrangement? Obviously some clades will have stronger support than others by necessity. It would be nice to have an idea of which clades were determined by genomic data and which by phenotypic data, and how well supported these are.
I don't remember all the exact details of all the studies, but in some it was primarily morphology, some it was primarily genetic, and some was a mix of both.
 

schmiggle

Arachnoprince
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Nov 3, 2013
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Do the branch lengths mean anything?

Either way, a very impressive phylogeny :)
 

Arthroverts

Arachnoprince
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Too...much...information...

This is going to be linked on my blog though in my Other Resources page; gotta spread this impressive work!
How long did it take you to make it?

Thanks for sharing,

Arthroverts
 

CladeArthropoda

Arachnosquire
Joined
Jul 2, 2017
Messages
128
Too...much...information...

This is going to be linked on my blog though in my Other Resources page; gotta spread this impressive work!
How long did it take you to make it?

Thanks for sharing,

Arthroverts
It took over a month I think.
 

CladeArthropoda

Arachnosquire
Joined
Jul 2, 2017
Messages
128
Too...much...information...

This is going to be linked on my blog though in my Other Resources page; gotta spread this impressive work!
How long did it take you to make it?

Thanks for sharing,

Arthroverts
Where can I find your blog?
 

Arthroverts

Arachnoprince
Active Member
Joined
Jul 11, 2016
Messages
1,943
Finally got this into my blog's Other Sources page. Glad to share something like this.

Side note: will it be updated as the taxonomy inevitably changes?

Thanks,

Arthroverts
 

CladeArthropoda

Arachnosquire
Joined
Jul 2, 2017
Messages
128
Finally got this into my blog's Other Sources page. Glad to share something like this.

Side note: will it be updated as the taxonomy inevitably changes?

Thanks,

Arthroverts
I actually made a small update to it. it will be posted in due time.
 
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