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Nevada Scolopendromorphae

Discussion in 'Myriapods' started by cacoseraph, Sep 30, 2005.

  1. cacoseraph

    cacoseraph ArachnoGod Old Timer

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    joined from CA & AZ :)

    [thread=52590]STATE CENTIPEDE INDEX[/thread]

    This thread will list all the Scolopendramorpha known to exist in Nevada, USA.

    note: i will try to keep this first post on the thread updated with all the info subsequently posted, rather than forcing one to search through the whole thread

    see end of this thread for bib/sites

    key: if Genus species is bold, then that species occurs in NV. if the name is not bold, then the range suggests the species *may one day* be located in NV

    DmbRS = Distribution map, by R. Shelley
    GIS = Google Image Search

    [size=+1]
    Order: Scolopendramorpha
    Family: Scolopendridae
    Sub-family: Scolopendrinae
    Genus: Scolopendra
    [/size]
    Scolopendra polymorpha: DmbRS GIS
    . . . Range: All NV
    Scolopendra heros: DmbRS GIS [size=-1]pic1[/size]
    . . . Range: *Almost* touches southern tip
    Scolopendra viridis: DmbRS GIS
    . . . Range: S tip, except EXTREME S tip

    [size=+1]Genus: Arthrorhabdus [/size]

    Arthrorhabdus pygmaeus: Distribution map, by R.Shelley
    . . . Range: West Texas, and much of northern Mexico. i am hoping this will extend to NV one day, too

    [size=+1]
    Family: Scolopocryptopidae[/size] (note: these are all eyeless, i believe, and tend to be on the smaller side)
    [size=+1]Sub-family: Scolopocryptopinae
    Genus: Scolopocryptops
    [/size]

    Scolopocryptops gracilis: DmbRS GIS(not to species level)
    . . . Range: S tip

    Scolopocryptops spinicaudus: Dist. map, by R.Shelley GIS(not to species level)
    . . . Range: possibly touches EXTREME W point... this is your "cold" centipede!

    [size=+1]Genus: Kethops[/size] (note: still blind... =P)

    Kethops utahensis: Dist. map, by R.Shelley
    . . . Range: Spotty distribution in central CA and New Mexico, W of NV, in CA


    [size=+1]
    Family: Cryptopidae[/size] (note: these are all eyeless, i am almost postitive, and tend to be on the smaller side)
    [size=+1]Sub-family: Cyptopinae
    Genus: Cryptops
    [/size]


    Cryptops hortensis DMbRS GIS
    . . . Range: spot occurances
    . . . Note: this is an introduced and establishing Euro species :)
    [size=+1]Sub-family: Plutoniuminae[/size] (gee that sounds pretty carverniculous... Pluto being the god of the underworld and all...)
    [size=+1]Genus: Theatops
    [/size]

    Theatops posticus: DmbRS GIS
    . . . Range: S tip

    Theatops californiensis: DmbRS GIS(not to species level)
    . . . Range: EXTREME W tip

    Other centipedes of interest in NV:

    Lithobiomorpha - "stone life shape" - Stone centipedes. GIS

    These could easily be mistaken for "baby scolos". They seem to max out at 1.5"BL for the southern CA variety i often when while bugging. The babies are tiny, i've seen as small as 5-7mm. I have seen hundreds of red stoners, but i FINALLY saw my first black one!

    Geophilomorpha - "soil love shape" - Soil Centipedes GIS

    These are long and worm-like centipedes. I think they are attractive, and have seen gold, red, and gold with a read head. They seen to max out at ~3.5"BL, and have tiny legs for their body size. These centipedes can have the most leg bearing body segments, with something 137 or 177 body segments!

    Scutigeromorpha - "scutigero shape" heh, i don't know that one - House Centipedes GIS

    With what i am pretty confident are the longest legs in proportion to body width, scuti's are not your average looking centipedes. I wish i could get them to eat, cuz i would really like to raise some in captivity. These things are ALL legs. Souther CA species max out at ~1.5-2"BL, but with legs and antenna EASILY exceed 4"! They seriously tickle when they run on you.

    Bibliography:
    All the taxo and range/dist. information from R. Shelley's site:
    http://www.naturalsciences.org/research/inverts/centipedes/index.html
    R. Shelley: Thou Art God
     
    Last edited: Sep 30, 2005
  2. cacoseraph

    cacoseraph ArachnoGod Old Timer